Evaluation of the Effect of Storage Methods on Fecal, Saliva, and Skin Microbiome Composition

Targeting Microbiota 2021 Se Jin Song v1Dr. Se Jin Song from Center for Microbiome Innovation, Jacobs School of Engineering, US San Diego, USA will join the Targeing Microbiota 2021 Congress and will present her recent research article entitled "Evaluation of the Effect of Storage Methods on Fecal, Saliva, and Skin Microbiome Composition".

Article extract: As the number of human microbiome studies expand, it is increasingly important to identify cost-effective, practical preservatives that allow for room temperature sample storage. Here, we reanalyzed 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing data from a large sample storage study published in 2016 and performed shotgun metagenomic sequencing on remnant DNA from this experiment. Both results support the initial findings that 95% ethanol, a nontoxic, cost-effective preservative, is effective at preserving samples at room temperature for weeks. We expanded on this analysis by collecting a new set of fecal, saliva, and skin samples to determine the optimal ratio of 95% ethanol to sample. We identified optimal collection protocols for fecal samples (storing a fecal swab in 95% ethanol) and saliva samples (storing unstimulated saliva in 95% ethanol at a ratio of 1:2). Storing skin swabs in 95% ethanol reduced microbial biomass and disrupted community composition, highlighting the difficulties of low biomass sample preservation. The results from this study identify practical solutions for large-scale analyses of fecal and oral microbial communities.

Targeting Microbiota 2021 Congress
October 20-22, 2021
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